Land & Strata Development Consultancy
Land development is a process of altering the landscape for various purposes for the benefit of mankind. Changing a landform from a natural or semi-natural state for a purpose such as agriculture or housing is one process of altering the landscape. Another is subdividing real estate into lots, typically for the purpose of building homes. Yet another process involves urban renewal, redevelopment and regeneration.
In Peninsular Malaysia, land development is governed by the National Land Code 1965 (NLC) in which all planned undertakings on the usage of land fall under the provision of the Code. Land surveyors have played and will continue to play significant roles in the land development process. Particularly, their roles in survey and mapping works are significant, providing vital information, primarily for the planning and development of land for housing, agriculture and infrastructure.
Cadastral / Land Title Survey
Cadastral Survey is a survey carried out to produce a cadastral plan which identifies a particular parcel of land for purposes of ownership and registration and thereby shows the boundaries with a degree of accuracy as defined in the registration governing the holding of land and transfer of title.
The information on the land shall enable the boundaries to be re-demarcated on the ground with a degree of accuracy as defined in the registration. A cadastral plan is based on the results of a survey meeting the requirements prescribed under the National Land Code 1965 and Licensed Land Surveyors Act 1958.
Enginneering Survey is a survey conducted to meet engineering requirements which include:
- Obtaining ground data spatially referenced to boundary and survey reference marks to support engineering designs of civil works (roads, railways, water-ways, buldings etc.)
- Setting out of civil structures according to their designed horizontal and vertical parameters
- Producing "as built" plans of completed civil works for contractual as well as inventory purposes
- Deformation Monitoring is a land survey activity during which repeated observations are made within a specified time frame for the purpose of detecting and quantifying movements of natural and ma-made sturctures. Such monitoring may be of a routine nature (e.g recording the high and low water marks in a dam) or made necessary by an abnormal condition (e.g. major works near a tall building).
Topographical Survey involves the surveying of the position and shape of natural and artificial features on Earth. These are then presented either in analogue (hard copy) or digital form. A topographic plan or map is used for design and planning purposes.
Topographical survey requires a network of control points (x, y, z) to be established over the area before the detailed survey ground features is carried out at the subsequent stages. These surveys are carried out by triangulation and trilateration techniques, by traversing using an EDM / Total Station or by using GPs. The detailed topographical features are picked up using the tacheometric method with a theodolite and staff or an EDM / Total Station.
The field data collected is then processed, and after appropriate cartographic treatment, the output of the topographic map is produced.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) SurveyUnmanned Aerial Photogrammetric Survey is the use of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to take photos for use in photogrammetry, the science of making measurements from photographs. Instruments manufactured for UAVs could be mounted on unmanned flying platforms of various sizes and types. UAV can be used for surveying purposes such as land surveying, urban planning, land management, construction, earthworks, mining / quarries.
Close Range Photogrammetry SurveyClose range photogrammetry is defined as the art, science and technology of obtaining reliable information about physical objects and the environment through process of recording, processing, measuring and interpreting photographic images at a close distance. Close range photogrammetry is a standard practice in land survey and is widely used for mapping, monitoring survey, dilapidation survey and etc.
Geographical Information System (GIS)
Geographical Information System (GIS) is a framework for gathering, managing, and analyzing data. Rooted in the science of geography, GIS integrates many types of data. It analyses spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes. With this unique capability, GIS reveals deeper insights into data, such as patterns, relationships, and situations helping users make smarter decisions.
Building Information Modeling (BIM)
Building information Modeling is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. A BIM is a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle; defined as existing from earliest conception to demolition.
Survey works are processed accordingly to provide usable information to integrate into BIM system.